Indian Diaspora In Yemen

Indian Diaspora In Yemen

India and Yemen have deep rooted historical, cultural and trade relations. Both countries have a long history of people-to-people contacts dating back to several centuries.

In 1839, Aden became part of the British Empire and was administered by the Bombay Presidency as a sentinel to guard the southern entrance to the Red Sea. A garrison of 2000 Indian soldiers was established in Aden and the Indian Rupee was made the official currency.

The Aden administration was separated from India in April 1937 with the appointment of a Governor directly reporting to London. An Indian diplomatic mission at the level of Commissioner was set up in Aden in June 1950. The Indian Embassy in Sana’a was established in 1970.

A large number of Indian nationals, including Hindus, Muslims and Parsis, had lived in Aden since mid-1880s. One such prominent person was Cowasjee Shavaksha Dinshaw Adenwalla, who migrated from Surat to Aden in 1855. He was the founder of the Fire Temple in Aden. Many of the Indian traders later embraced the Yemeni nationality and settled down in Aden, engaging in trade and commerce. It is estimated that the Indians in Aden numbered 8,563 in 1856 and gradually increased to 15,817 in 1955. Dhirubhai Ambani, the founder of the now famous Reliance Group, also started his career as a trader in Aden. There were as many as ten temples in Aden during 1950s, including a Jain Temple, an Ayyappan Temple and a Parsi Temple, of which only one is currently functional.

When the British finally withdrew from Aden in 1967, it resulted in the hasty departure of many Indians either to India or some other country. But a large number belonging to the Bohra, Khoja and Kachchi communities decided to remain behind and gradually became Yemeni citizens. An estimated 100,000 people of Indian origin are concentrated in southern part around Aden, Mukalla, Shihr, Lahaj, Mokha and Hodeidah.

At the same time, thousands of people of Yemeni origin, mainly from Hadramaut, migrated to India and settled down mainly in the city of Hyderabad. These age-old ties between India and Yemen are reflected now by the presence of a strong Yemeni-origin Diaspora in India and a vibrant Indian-origin Diaspora in Yemen.

The number of Indian nationals, which was estimated around 14000 in 2010, declined to an estimated 5000 by June 2011 following political instability and violence in the country. However, only around 3000 Indians are registered with the Embassy. Most of the Indians living in Yemen comprise of nurses, hospital staff, university professors, professionals, white collar workers, IT professionals, managerial and clerical staff in private sector, including oil companies, and skilled and semi-skilled workers. The paramedical personnel and hospital staff forms the dominant group and their number exceeds 2000. A vast majority of the Indians hail from Kerala but a few others belong to other states like Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal.

An Indian school exists in Sana’a which follows the CBSE curriculum and runs under the umbrella of the Embassy.

The Indian community in Yemen enjoys a fair degree of religious and cultural freedom. The Indian Association in Aden manages the Mataji Temple and regular services are held once a month. There is also a separate crematorium in Aden for the members of the Hindu faith. In Sana’a and other cities, people of other religious faiths can perform collective prayers within their housing complexes.

The following Diaspora Associations exist in Yemen:

Indian Embassy Club, Sana’a:

President: Dr.Damodar Thakur
Tel.No. 967-733264559
e-mail: damodar_thakur@yahoo.com

Yemen Malayalee Association

(Kerala Club), Sana’a:
President: Shri Jacob Chandy,
Tel.No.967-711992899
email:aossyemen@gmail.com

Pravasi Indian Association, Sana’a:

President: Shri Santhosh Puthumana
Tel.No.967-734538884

Indian Association, Aden:

President: Dr. Jairam Singh
Tel.No. 967- 71113611
email: jsinghaden@yahoo.com

Pravasi Malayalee Welfare Association,Aden:

President Shri V.T.Job,
Tel.No. 967-733834897
email: pravasimalayali@indiatimes.com

Indian Association, Hodeidah:

President: Shri Syed Hassan
Tel.No. 967- 711811056
email:syed_hassan@apl.com

Indian Association, Taiz:

President: Shri Rajan Vishwakarma
Tel.No. 967 713094275
email: rajankr08@yahoo.com

Pravasi Malayalee Welfare Association, Aden:

President Shri V.T.Job,
Tel.No. 967-733834897
email: pravasimalayali@indiatimes.com

Indian Association, Hodeidah:

President: Shri Syed Hassan
Tel.No. 967- 711811056
email: syed_hassan@apl.com

Indian Association, Taiz:

President: Shri Rajan Vishwakarma
Tel.No. 967 713094275
email: rajankr08@yahoo.com

Address : Chancery: 24th Street [off Hadda Road in front of Hadda Post Office, towards 50 Street before Y Telecom building,], Sana’a

Postal Address : Post Box No. 1154, Sana’a, Republic of Yemen

Working hours : SUNDAY TO THURSDAY : 0830 - 1300 Hrs and 1330 - 1700 Hrs

Telephone Numbers : 00-253-77196875(M) ; 00-253-77196685(M) ; 00-967-734 000 658 (Roaming)

Fax : +967 1 433630

E-mail address : amb.sanaa@mea.gov.in (or) ambassador@eoisanaa.org | hoc.sanaa@mea.gov.in (or) hoc@eoisanaa.org (or) admin@eoisanaa.org

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